O^, \%

O (i






^ .«%






1.1 f.-^ia

o . '^ o o



||L25 |||,.4 ||,.6

'" .;














(716) 872-4S03















o o

5 o o

o c9.

o o




o O


o 6



CIHM/ICMH Collection de microfiches.

Oo "a o

O oQ

o O o

r, o.i:.

o O O



Oo q, „VoO

° 0'° 0




Q ,0 ' O O

Q '-.>

n= ,,o00 o

o c o ' ,


Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions / Institut Canadian de microreproductions historiques

o o o

Technical and Bibliographic Notaa/Notes techniquea at bibliographiquas

The Institute has attempted to obtain the best original copy available for filming. Features of this copy which may be bibliographically unique, which may alter any of the images in the reproduction, or which may significantly change the usual method of filming, are checked below.


Coloured covers/ Couverture de couleur

I I Covers damaged/


Couverture endommagie

Covers restored and/or laminated/ Couverture restaurie et/ou pelliculie

I I Cover title missing/

Le titre de couverture manque

Coloured maps/ ' 'J Cartes g6ographiques en couleur

® ©

o e


Coloured ink (i.e. other than blue or black)/ Encre de couleur (i.e. autre que bleue ou noire)

I I Coloured plates and/or illustrations/

Planches et/ou illustrations en couleur


Bound with other material/


©"€,83 ® O O

Relii avec d'autres documents

Tight binding rhay cause shadows or distortion elong interior margin/ >

La re liure serr6e peut causer de I'ombre ou de la distortion le long de la marge intirieure s,


Blank leaves added during restoration may appear within the text. Whenever possible, these have been omitted from filming/ II se peut que certaines pages blanches ajouties lors d'une restauration apparaissent dans le texte, mais, lorsque cela 6tait possible, ces pages n'ont pas it6 filmies.


Additional comments:/ Commentaires suppi^mentaires:

L'Institut a microfilm^ le meilleur exemplaire qu'il lui a 6x6 possible de se procurer. Les details de cet exemplaire qui sont peut-Atre uniques du point de vue bibliographique. qui peuvent modifier une image reproduite, ou qui peuvent exig^r une modification dans la m6thode normale de filmage sont indiquts ci-dessous.

I I Coloured pages/



Pages de couleur

Pages damaged/ Pages endommagdes


Pages restored and/or laminated/ Pages restaurdes et/ou pelliculAes

r~~7\ Pages discoloured, stained or foxed/

Pages d^coiordes, tachet^es ou piqu^es

Pages detached/ Pages d6tac hies «.

Showthrough/ Transparence

I I Quality of print varies/

Quality inigale de I'impression

Includes supplementary material/ Comprend du materiel supplimentaire

o "

Only edition available/ Seule Edition disponible


Pages wholly or partially obscured by errata slips, tissues, etc., have been refilmed to ensure the best possible image/ Les pages totalement ou partieilement obscurcies par un feuillet d'errata, une pelure, etc., ont M filmies d nouveau de fapon A obtenir la meilleure image possible.

This item is filmed at the reduction ratio checked below/

Ce document est filmi au taux de r6duction indiqui ci-dessous.

10X 14X 18X 22X











Stalls B du lodifier r une Image

The copy filmed here has been reproduced thanks to the generosity of:

Library of the Pubiic Archives of Canada

The images appearing here are the best quaiity possibie considering the condition and iegibiiity of the originai copy and in Iceeping with the fiiming contract specifications.

L'exempiaire f iimA fut reproduit grAce A la gAnArositA de:

La bibliothdque des Archives publiques du Canada

Las images suivantes ont 4t4 reproduites avec le plus grand soin, compte tenu de (a condition at de la nettet6 de l'exempiaire f iim«, et en k 1^4^ %°jj"<^^ conformity avec les conditions du contrat diijiff?^-'''

fiimage. :'»C-l.'"'' t.

Original copies In printed paper covers are filmed beginning with the front cover and ending on the last page with a printed or Illustrated impres- sion, or the back cover when eppropriate. All other original copies are filmed beginning on 'ie first page with a printed or lllustreted Impres- sion, and ending on the last page with a printed or illustrated impression.

Les exem'plalres origlnaux dont la couveirture en papier est ImprimAe sont filmte en commenpant o par le premier plat et en terminant solt par la.°o'>^,^ darnlAre page qui comporte une amprelnte d'impression ou d'illustratlon, solt par le second ' plat, salon le cas. Tous les autres exemplaires ■origlnaux sont flimts en commengant par la premiere page qui comporte une emprelnte d'impression ou d'iliustration et en terminant par la dernidre page qui comporte une telle 4. ;> emprelnte. ;4?:>^j^, '• ';^^

irrata to

pelure, nd


The lest recorded frame on each microfiche shall contain the symbol »> (meaning "CON- TINUED"), or the symbol V (meaning "END"), whichever applies. ^

Maps, plates, charts, etc., may be filmed at different reduction retios. Those too large to be entirely included in one exposure are filmed beginning In the upper left hand corner, left to right end top to bottom, as many frames as required. The following diagrams illustrate the method:


^0 ."'

Un des symboles suivarits apparattra sur la < dernlAre image de cheque microfiche, selon le teas: le symbols signlfie "A SUIVRE", le 'symbols V signifie "HN"., .j/\x;y.,;.;V:i^%v'Vf<^'"^<'

■Les cartes, planches, tableaux, etc., peuvent Atre film6s A des taux de rMuctlon diffirents. Lorsque le document est trop grand pour Atre reproduit en un seul cllch6, il est f llmt A partir de Tangle supArieur gauche, de gauche A droite, ^ et de haut en bas, en prenant le nombre d'Images nicessaire. Les dlajgramnirs suivants f. illustrent la m«thode. ■'^J^^i^^\^:i^f§%^'^i'!:~'^





^ 4f --J. •■'

■-.!•.• . <■



.*i.p '



1 .


^? ^..V

» •■ 1 ■'.



* - r.* «


•'.('> ■."

ic-» ',

'> »










.i ' :A.


' •^V;'-;r;Vi.'^-.-.V^ -''; -■■-'■".>i:''." v.-,' ..'"■■■: ■■'■■




» If t








iSA Y.;' ,S;JiS|i|51ll3


' '■' ■■■ "' ' '(»*.;V-^. y '^!;' *

'■; J

':>-m^ir. LORENZO SABIN !!•■:::•■■•-< '■•■:■■■ .•■■^'#M^^'^"'^ '1 ;S.'i^^;-;?'/'-/J IN TWO' VOLUMES^;:-r:-:iVvj)C.;cH'||^ i|



ft t

. ';

r >;/


i :

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the jear 1884, by


In the Clerk's Oftice ol the Uistutt Comt of tlie District of Massachusetts.



UIVEKSIDE, cambkidgk:



..V : :,, I 'J


Lafokky, Sir Francis, Baronet, K. C. B. Admiral in the British Navy. His groat-grandfather was of a noble family in Poitou, and went to England with King William the Third. Sir Francis himself was born in Virginia, and entered the service diiring the Revolution. In 1791 he at- tained the rank of Commander, and in 1793, that of Captain. On the increase of the Order of the Bath, in 1815, he was nominated a K. C. B. He was promoted to the rank of Vice-!;'! Admiral in 1819, and of Admiral, in 1882. While employed at sea, he captured two French frigates ; and, in command of the Spartinte of 74 guns, was engaged in the memorable battle of Trafalgar. His last duty seems to have been on the Barbadoes station as Commander-in-Chief. He died in England, in 1835, unmarried, and left no heir to the Baro- netcy. His sister married Captain A. J. P. Molloy, of the Royal Navy. -p.^ ^.'%j^.;:i ;: ,, ■:■■'''.,.,

Lamu, Walter. Of North Carolina. In December, 1775, he was brought before the Council by a zealous Whig, who prayed that he might receive condign punishment. But the judgment of the Council was, that the Whig should keep Lamb, and produce him for trial before the Committee of Safety for the District of Halifax.

Lamuden, Thomas. Of Worcester County, Maryland. Tlie Committee of that county published him as an enemy to his country, June, 1775. It appears that he was Crier of the Court. The proof against him was, tliat he had declared " all those who took up arms, or exercised agreeably to the Resolves of the Provincial Convention at Annapolis, were

VOL. II. 1

..!■ \ _

I': 'I








■.■..-■ji;.-;<t «i



Rebels," and that, in conversation relative to a quantity of salt which the CcjUimittee at Baltimore had thrown into the water,

he had said, " the Committee were a parcel of d d rascals,

■Vand would not be easy until some of them were hanged uj)." ;Jv Lam HTON, Richard. Of South Carolina. Deputy Audi- ;:tor-General. The Act of 1782 confiscates estate in the pos- . session of his heirs or devisees. .

; Lancastkk, John. Of North Carolina. His property . was conHscated in 1779. He went to England, and was in London in July of that year.

Lasky, RouEJiT, SiiN. Died in King's County, New Bnniswick, 1803, aged sixty-eight.

Lawkenck, John. Of Monmouth County, New Jersey. Born in 1708-9. A surveyor, and justice of the (juorum. Advanced in life at the Revolutionary era, he Avas not in arms, but the Whigs put him in jail at liurlington, and kept him prisoner nine months, for granting British protections. Eflbrts were made to induce him to abandon home, in order to confiscate his estate, but he remained. He ran the division line between East and West Jersey, known as the " Law- rence Line." He died in 1794, aged eighty-six.

Lawkknce, John. Of New Jersey. Pliysician. Son of John Lawrence. Born in 1747, a graduate of Princeton Collejre, and of the first class of the Medical Collejic of Phil- adelphia. He was arrested by order of Washington, July, 177G, and directed by the Provincial Congress to remain at Tientun, on parole ; but leave was given, finally, to remove to Morristown. The ladies of Perth Amboy j)etitioned for greater freedom for him, on professional grounds, but were courteously refused. He used to say that his residence at Amboy was the happiest part of his life ; for the reason that the officers of the Crown who lived there, formed a social circle superior to that of New York or Philadelphia. As his father and brother held office, he was narrowly watched. Fired at, after much annoyance, by a party of militia, he retired to New York, where he practised medicine until the peace, and where he commanded a company of Volunteers



raised for tlic defence of the city. In 1783 he returned to Monmouth Comity, and passed the remainder of \\\f, days there unmolested, lie died at Trenton, April 29, 1880.

Lawuknce, Emsha. Of Monmouth County, New Jer- sey, Colonel of tiie First Batialion of New Jersey Volunteers. Son of John Lawrence, and born hi 1740. At the beginning of the Revolution, he was Sheriff of his county. He raised the corps lie comnianded, which consisted of live hundred men. In 1777 ho was taken prisoner on Staten Island, by Sullivan. At the peace, he retired with the Royal Army, with his rank of Colonel, and half-pay. He received a large grant of land in Nova Scotia, to which he removed, but finally went to England. He died at Cardigan, Wales, in 1811. His wife, who deceased in New York during the war, was Mary, daughter of Lewis Morris Ashfield, a member of the Council, and a relative of Lewis Morris, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. '" ^

Lawuknck, JoiiN liuowN. Of New Jersey. Member of the Council, and a distinguished lawyer. Born in Monmouth County. His inclination was to take no part in the Revolu tion ; but, suspected by the Whigs from the first, because of his oflfi(!ial relations to the Crown, he was finally arrested, and imi)risoned in the Burlington jail for a long time. Accused of treasonable intercourse with the enemy, he was tried and acquitted. . ':&'^ :;»y ■..■::^> '■J:-:':^'/ ''''<■■■''::■■'■ "-C '■■'■ .-X-iirS •:■■.:»-■ ;<-k, ^i;.

His imprisonment proved a fortunate circumstance. Lieu- tenant-Colonel John G. Simcoe, ccmimander of the Queen's Rangers, was a fellow-prisoner, and when exchanged, said at parting, " I shall never forget your kindness." He did not ; and when appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Canada, he invited Mr. Lawrence to settle there. The invitation was accepted, and, favored by the Governor, he acquired a large tract of Crown land. The account of him by one of his connections, and the materials which I have obtained else- where, are conflicting, and this notice may not be entirely accurate. Mr. Lawrence died, I conclude from circumstances, in Upper Canada, about the year 1796.



li. *





jj ■'•


V' ■: '"


His son, Jnmos Lawrence, Captain in the United States Navy, was born at Hurlini^ton, New Jersey, in 1781, and early evinced a sti()n<j predilection for the sea ; but Mr. Law- rence was anxious that be should adopt liis own profession. Jan . at the aj^e of thirteen, began the study of the law, accoii ugly ; left, however, at liberty to gratify his personal inclinations at his father's decease, he entered the Navy as a midshipman in 1708. He served under Commodore Preble, in 1808, in the war with Tripoli ; and in the destruction of the frigate Phllttih'Ij>hui, acquitted himself with honor. Li the war of 1812 with England, he destroyed and sunk the sloop-of-war Peacock in less than twenty minutes, and before all the crew could be removed to his own ship, the Hornet. He was nu)rtally wounded in the connnand of the frigate Chcxn^H'iikc, in the battle with the Shannon, June 1, 1813, and died on the 5th, after suffering intense pain.

A member of the family conununicates the following in- teresting incident. After the death of the Loyalist, the land above m"ntioned was forfeited to the Crown, in consecpience of failure to comply with some condition of the grants, or the non-payment of some dues. Years elapsed, and Mary, his granddaughter, and child of Captain James Lawrence, as heir, claimed its restoration. The case was carried before King William the Fourth, in Council. The Monarch asked the claimant's name, and the facts. On being told, he said: " She is the daughter of a brave sailor, let her take it."

As I am informed that Commander Charles S. Boggs, of the United States Navy, is a grandson of our Loyalist, I preserve a part of his own graphic account of his share in the terrific contest on the Mississippi, r ; the capture of New Orleans, in 1862. The letter fi-om which I extract Avas written to his family in New Jersey, but was published. The editor of the " New York Post," in using it, remai-kod, that " Captain Boggs is too modest to say that he destroyed six out of the eleven " steamers of which he speaks. I ({uote :

" Yesterday our great battle was fought. The squadron passed the forts under as severe a fire as any fleet probably


ever cndiirt'cl. Tlio ships were much cut up, and there were many killed and wounded.

"I can only give you u hasty narrative of what occurred on board the Varuud, as in that you will take a special interest.

" We started at 2 o'clock a. ai., and received the first fire at 8.30, just as the moon was rising. My vessel was terribly bruised, but we returned the fire witli interest. On passing the torts, I found myself the leading ship, and surrounded by a s(juadron of rebel steamers, who annoyed me much by their fire ; so that I steered as close to them as possible, giving to each a broadside in suc(;ession as I passed ; driving one on shore, and leaving four others in flames.

" During this time, the firing of guns, whistling of shot, and bursting of shells, was terrible ; the smoke dense. As this cleared off, finding more steamers ahead, I stopped to look for the rest of the squadron. The ship was leaking badly ; but thus far none were hurt. Astern I saw the Oni'ida engaged with a rebel steamer. The latter shortly after came up the river, when I engaged him, but found my shot of no avail, as he was iron-dad about the bow. He tried tt) run me down ; and 1 to avoid him and roach his vulnerable parts. During these movements he raked me, killing three and wounding seven, and attempted to board ; but we repulsed him. Driving against me, he battered me severely ; but in these efforts exposed his vulnerable side, and I succeeded in planting a couple of broadsides into him, that crippled his engine and set hiia on fire. He then dropped off, and as he moved slowly up the river and passed me, I gave him another and parting broadside.

" I now found my ship on fire from his shells, and it was with great difficulty that it was put out. Just then another iron-clad steamer bore down, and struck heavily on my port quarter, and backed off for a second blow. This second blow crushed in my side ; but at the same instant I gave liim a full compliment of shot and shell that drove him on shore and in flames.

" Finding myself in a sinking condition, I ran \i\y bow into



'* r:,"i| I'



tlic bank luul landed my wounded, still keeping up n firo on my first opponent, who at last hauled down his Ha^;. My last <;un was fired us the deeks went under the water.

*' No time to save anything ; the oHieers and crew escaping with the clothes they luul on their backs.

*' Wo were taken oft' by boats from the scpiadron, who had now come up, the crews cheering as the Vnrunn went down with her Hag flying, victorious in defeat and covered with glory.

" I think wo have done well. Eleven steamers destroyed by the s(puulron. The old ram 3I(inti»KHH sunk by the Mis-

Lawkknck, RicuAiin. Of Staten Island, New York. In 177(), Sir William Howe apppointed hin\ master-carpenter of the Royal shipyards at that island, and gave him orilers to seize vessels, timber, and naval stores, owned by the "Rebels." He appears to have obeyed with a will. In 1780 he was arrested and tried, at the suit of several persons whoso prop- erty ho had taken during the war. Jonathan Morrill re- covered judgment for £'2'60 ; John IJrowne, for .£280; and Samuel lirowne, for £42o. hawrencc, from jail in the city : of Mew York, prayed the interposition of John Tem[)lo, the British Consul, who communicated with John Jay, Secretary for Foreign Aft'airs, and the case was submitted to Congress. ° The point in the discussions that followed was whether the - luckless master-carpenter plead the Gth article of tho Treaty of Peace, at the trials of these suits. He averred that ho did ; Mr. Jay, who examined tho records of the Court, de- clared that he did not. The last State paper on the sub- ject was in 178H, and informed the British Minister for Foreign AttUirs that the judgments must stand until legally reversed in the ordinary course of judicial proceedings.

Lawton. Four of this name went to St. John, New Brunswick, at the peace, of whom three died there : John, of Philadelphia, in 1840, aged eighty-nine, leaving a large circle of relations and friends ; Thomas, of Rhode Island, in 1803 ; and Isaac, residence unknown, in 1810, aged eighty. The other, William, was a grantee of the city.


Li:.vMiN(i, Ri:v. .Ii;iii:miaii, D. I). Ki)isc(i|)iil iniiiister. Ill' WHS horn ill 1717, and uraduiitcMl ut Yali' C'»)Ilt't;i' in 174r). Ordained in 174M, lit' oiHciatod ut Newport, illiodc Island, I'i^lit veais ; tlicn at Xorwalk, Connecticut, twenty-one years : and last, at Stratford, eight or nine years. In the Revohition, a mob took his picture, defaced it, and and nailed it to a sinju- post with tlio head downward. Subsecpiently hu was confined in jail "as a Tory," and denied even a bed. His imprisonment caused a disease of the hip, wliich made him a cripple for life. In 17S:{, ho was the first choice of his coinnuniion for tlio Hishopric of Connecticut ; but his infirmities compelled him to decline. He died at New Haven, in 1S04, a»fed eijjjhty-six.

Lkak, .Ikshk. Of Vir{j;inia. At the peace, accimipaiiied by his family of four, and two servants, he went from New York to Shelburne, Nova Scotia, where the Crown granted him one farm, one town, and one water lot. He became a merchant, and, for a time, was very prosperous. The almost simultaneous capture of two of his vessels by the French, re- duced him to j)overty. He died about the year ISO").

Lkavkns, JosKiMi. He was an early settler of ('anada, an emigrant from New York, and, as I sui)pose, a Loyalist. He was long a |)reaclier of the Society of Friends, and was highly beloved. He died ut Hallowell, Canada West, May, 1S44, ajied ninetv-two.

Lkavitt, Kkv. Jonathan. Of Churlemont, IMassachusetts. Congregational minister. He was installed in 17(17. Difficul- ties arose ubout the year 1777, which produced alienation and separation. Some of his flock said he was an Anninian ; others disliked his politics. " He did not seem to share his people's zeal for the Revolution " ; and he objected to receive his salary in depreciated paper currency, except at a rute to give him the umount originally agreed upon. After rej)euted attempts to arrange terms of settlement without success, the town voted to close the church, and stationed a constable at the door to prevent Mr. Leavitt from entering. Hut he con- tinued to preaeii in u school-house, to those who were friendly to him, for several years. He was dismissed in 1785. He


< I






! '\


sued for salary, and for loss on paper money, and recovered £700.

liKCHMEKK, llicnAUi). Of Boston. An Addresser of Hiitrliinson in 1774 ; appointed Mandamus Councillor, but did not accept. In 1770, lie went to Halifax, with his family of eleven persons, and thence to England. He was proscribed and banished in 177S, and included in the Consj)iracy Act of the next year. In 1780, his home was at Bristol. He died in England, in 1814, aged eighty-seven.

LKciniKRK, Nicholas. Of Newport, Rhode Islana. Offi- cer of the Customs. In 17(55, fearing the loss of life in the tu- mults there of that year, he fled to the Ci/f/nct sloop-of-war, and refused to return to his duties without assurance of prt)tection. From 17G7 to the end of the Royal Government, the disagree- ments between him and the jxipniar i)arty were frequent. In December, 1775, he refused to take the oath tendered by General F^ee, and was conveyed, under guard, to Providence. He went to England, and in 1780 was at Bristol.

Lei;, Joseph. Of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Judge of Common Pleas for the county of Middlesex, and Mandamus Councillor ; died at Cambridge, December, 1802, at the age of ninety-three years. Though a Loyalist, he was not warm in his political sentiments, and escaped i)articular notice from the Sons of Liberty. Of the thirty-six gentlemen appointed to the Council, by mandamus, only ten were sworn in ; of whom Mr. Lee was one ; but he found it prudent to resign the office. He was a graduate of Harvard University, and a member of the Class of 1729.

Lee, JosErii. Of Marblehead, Massachusetts. An Ad- dresser of Hutchinson in 1774 ; died at Marblehead, in 1785, aged thirty-seven.

Lee, Samuel. Of Concord, Massachusetts. He was born ill Boston in 1750, and graduated at Harvard University in 1770. During the war, he was a merchant at Castine, Maine, a British post. At the j)eace, he removed to the Colonies ; lived at several places, and held various civil and military offices. He died at Shediac, in 1805, while on his



1 ,

return from Halifax to Ristogouclie, aged fifty-six. Sarah, liis widow, died at Roxlniry, Massachusetts, in 1H81.

Lki;, John. Of (lardiner, Maine. He fled to the enemy. In 1778, the Commissioners on tlie Estates of " Absentees" advertised for claimants to present their demands, at the tavern of Lemuel Goodwin, Pownalborough.

Lee, Josetii. Of New Jersey. Confined in jail at Tren- ton, July, 177(5, for disaffection, by order of the Provincial Congress, subsecjui'Utly fined £100, " proclamation money." Subsequently, a ca])tain in the New Jersey Volunteers. Set- tled in New Brunswick ; was a magistrate in York County in 1792.

Leffkkts, liEFFEHT. Of Kings County, New York. Ad- dresser of (Governor Robertson in 1778. His daughter Cath- arine, an amiable and accomplished young lady, in attempt- ing to remove a pistol which she feared would be the cause of harm to some of the children, was herself instantly killed.

Lkffingwem,, Tiioma.s. Of Norwich, Connecticut. A man of respectability and talents, who remained loyal throughout the contest. He was exposed to many insults ; was prosecuted and imprisoned ; and suffered the loss of j>ro- ])erty in various ways.

LF.Kiii, SiK EdFUTON, Harouet. Of South Carolina. He was Attorney-General, Surveyor-General, and a member of the Council of that Colonv. His father, Peter Leijih, who died in 1709, was Chief Justice. He was created a Baronet in 177'2, or the year following. When asked to sign a petition for the pardon of the ill-fated Ilayne, he atiswered thwt he " trouhf burn Jiix hutuJ off' nitlicr than do an <n'( w injiotoiis to the Kltuj'x xfrvicr.'"' This incident is stated on the authority of Lord Rawtlon himself. The refusal of the Attorney-Gen- eral put an end to all hope of saving Hayne ; for, afterwards, if we exce])t Lieutenant-(iovernor Bull, not one Loyalist of rei)ute could be jiersuadi'd to interpose. Sir Egerton arrived at Dover, England, in the ship Lord Germa'ni, August, 1782. His wife, by whom he was the father of three sons and five (laughters, was Martha, daughter of Francis Bremor, of South


'ill f




I 'A

' ili



Carolina. Ho was succccdod at his doceaso by liis eldest sur- viving son, Egarton, who died in 1818.

Lknox, Pltkr. Of Pliiladelphia. In 1782, a Loyalist Associator at New York, to settle at Slielburne, Nova Scotia, the following year, with his family of seven persons. At Hal- ifax, in 1784, he advertised as follows : " Having opened Business at the Pontac, begs leave to thank those Gentlemen who have already been kind enough to give him their Encour- agement. And as he has now finished off several Rooms, for

the Keception of the respectable Citizens of this Place, & laid in a Stock of the most excellent Liquoi's, he takes this oppor- tunity to assui'c them that due Attendence will be constantly given, except the First Thursday Night in every Fortnight, be- ing Assembly Night."

Lent, Adolphus. Of Tai)pan, New York. Died in the city of New York during the Revolution.

Lknt, Ahuaii am. Of Tappan, New York. Sou of Adol- phus. Colonel in the militia, but was not very active. Went with his brother James to Slielburne in 178:3, but returned to Tappan in 1790, and purchased his father's mansion with the money paid him by the British Government for his losses as a Lovalist. He left one dausihter.

Lknt, Jamks. Of Ta|)pan, New York. Son of Adol- phus. An ensign in the Queen's Rangers. Went to Sliel- burne, Nova Scotia, at the peace ; removed to Tusket in 178G. Died in 1838, aged eighty-five. His wife's brother, Garrit Smith, owned the land on which Andre was buried.

Leonard, Daniel. Of Taunton, Massachusetts. Chief Justice of the Bermudas. Son of Colonel Ephraim Leonard, who was a zealous Whig. Ho graduated at Harvard Univer- sity in 1700. He became a member of the General Court, and a ])olitical writer of merit. In 1774 he was one of the barristers and attorneys, who were Addressers of Hutchinson and the same year was appointed a Mandamus Councillor, but was not sworn into office. Bullets were fired into his liouse by a mob, and he took refuge in Boston. In 177(>, with his family of eight persons, he accompanied the British



Armv to Halifax. He was included in the Banishment Act of 1778, and in the Conspiracy Act of 1779. I conclude that he went to England, and while there receiveil the apjjoint- nient of Chief Justice. He was a man of fortune. He had a passion for cards, and was fond of dress. " He wore a broad gold lace round the rim of his hat ; he had made his cloak glitter with laces still broader ; he had set up his chariot and pair, and constantly travelled in it from Taunton to Boston." No other lawyer in all Massachusetts, of '' whatever age, rep- utation, rank, or station, presumed to ride in a coach or a chariot." He was the original of Beau Trumpa^ in Mrs. War- ren's Group. A series of papers signed " 3Iasiiachuxetten8is,''^ which John Adams, as ^'' NovanijluH,''' answered, were, for a long time, attributed to Jonathan Sewell ; but it is now as- certained that they were written by Mr. Leonard. '■'• Massa- chuscth'tms''^ bear dates between December, 1774, and April, 1775 ; and were published three times in a single year : first, in the " Massachusetts Gazette and Post Boy," next, in a pam- phlet form ; and last, by Rivington, in New York. Still an- other edition appeared in Boston, in 1776. The replies were numerous. '•'■ NovuntjluH'''' bear dates between January and April, 1775. Both were reprinted in 1819, with a preface, by Mr. Adams, who remarks of " Massachmetteima" that " these papers were well written, abounded with wit, dis- covered good information, and were conducted with a sub- tlety of art and address wonderfully calculated to keep up the spirits of their party, to depress ours," «&c., &c.

The reader of these pages must be content with these brief extracts :

" I saw the small seed of sedition, when it was implanted : it was a grain of mustard. I have watched the plant, until it has become a great tree ; the vilest reptiles that crawl upon the earth, are concealed at the root ; the foulest birds of the air rest on its branches." Fond of figures of speech, he else- where likens sedition to a "serpent," and calls the Committee of Correspondence the foulest, subtlest, and most venomous thing that had ever issued from its eggs. Again, he says the


1' .:(l

! hi

ii. m




i I !

I. ' *

I' ;''l







dupes of tlie popular leaders ••' swallowed a chimera for break- fast."

In 1780, William Knox, Under Secretary of State for the American De|)artment, suwested the division of Maine, and a Province of the territory between the Penobscot and St. Croix rivers, with Thomas Oliver for Governor, and the sub- ject of this notice for Chief Justice. The ])lan was approved by the King and r^Iinistry, but was abandoned because Wed- derburne, the Attorney-Cieneral, gave the opinion that the Avhole of Maine was included in the charter of Massachusetts.

Mr. Leonard was in Massachusetts in 1709, and again in 1808. He died at London, June, 1821>, aged eighty-nine. His Hrst wife was Anna White, of Taunton ; his second, was Sarah Hannnock ; one of whom died in 180t>, aged sixty-five, on the i)assage from Bermuda to Providence, Rhode Island. Had he returned from banishnu'ut and been admitted to citizenship in Massachusetts, he would have in- herited a large estate beciueathed him by his father ; as it was, the proj)erty jjassed to his only son, Charles, who, about the year 17l'l, "■ entered Harvard College, but did not grad- uate"; who was ''subsequently under the guardianship of Judge Wheaton," and who "was found dead in the road," in Bristol County, Massachusetts, in 18:?1. Harriet, his young- est daughter, died at London, in 1849, at the age of seventy- five.

Leoxaiu), George. Of Norton, ]Massachusetts. Clark, the historian of Norton, calls him a " neutral," and remarks, ihat "though the most influential man in town, he took no active part in public affairs during the wax\" A '•'' neutral" in the Revolution was a Loyalist. Mr. Leonard was the son of Major George Leonard, who claimed descent from a noble family in England, and was born in 1098. He was in office from early manhood until old age. After serxing his native town in almost every ca[)acity, he was ai)pointed a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, in 1725 ; a member of the Council in 174:1 ; and Judge of Probate, in 1747 ; while in the militia, he rose to the rank of Colonel. In 1740, he was



dismissed from the bench, in consequence of his connection with tlio famous Land Bank scheme ; but was restored six years afterwards, and became Chief Justice. He died in 1778, in his eighty-first year. " Tradition," says Clark, ." has universally given him a character above reproach, and I'epresented him to be a man of much practical wisdom and of sterling worth." He married Rachel Clap, of Scituate, who bore him four children, and who died in 1783, in lier eighty-second year. His son, George Leonard, who was born in 1729, who graduated at Harvard University in 1748, who held several important offices under the Colonial Govern- ment, and who, after the adoption of the Federal Constitu- tion, was a mejnber of Congress, died in 1819, at the age of ninety. Of this gentleman it is said that " he v/as a genu- ine specimen of an American country gentleman ;" that "he was a kind and considerate landlord," who never raised his rents, and who regarded his old tenants as his friends ; that " lie was tenaciously attached to old customs, and wore the short breeches and long stockings to the day of his death ; " that " he would never rear merino sheep on his farm, sell his growing rye for the straw manufacture, allow cotton-mills to be erected on his streams, or speculate in stocks ; " and that, of rigid integrity, he was never " guilty of injustice or op- pression." ; ' " o °=,

Leonard, Gkokoj. Of Massachusetts. He settled in New Brunswick in 1783, and was much employed in public affairs. The year of his arrival, he was appointed one of the agents of Government to locate lands granted to Loyalists, and was soon after made a member of the Council, and com- missioned as a Colonel in the militia. He died at Sussex Vale, in 1826, at an old age. Sarah, his consort, preceded him a year, aged eighty-one. His daughter Caroline married R. M. Jarvis, Esq., in 1805, and his daughter Maria married Lieutenant Gustavus R. H. M. Roclifort, of the Royal Navy, in 1814. His son. Colonel Richard Leonard, of the 104th Regiment of the British Army, and Sheriff of the District of Niagara, died at Lundy's Lane, Upper Canada, in 1833.

VOL. II. 2.

If.;' 1 iiT

^' -ill

i w

lil: I 1






1 I


Lkoxard, George, Jr. Son of George Leonard. He was a grantee of the city of St. John, New Brunswiek, and removed there with his father in 1783. He was bred to the law, and devoted himself to his profession. He died at Sus- sex Vale in 1818.

Leonard, George. Of New York. He entered the Royal Army, and was a sergeant. He emigrated to New Brunswick at the peace, and died at Deer Island, in that Province, in 1820, agod seventy-two. His descendants are numerous.

Leslie, Alexander. " Head-master of the grammar- scliool uf King's (now Columbia) College.'" In 1776, an Addresser of Lord and Sir William Howe.

Leslie, James. Of Boston. At the peace, accompanied by liis family and two servants, he went from New York to Shelburne, Nova Scotia, wliere the Crown granted him o ie farm, one town and one water lot. He was living at Shel- burne about the year 180o.

Lesney, SxErHEN. Of North Carolina. In the battle at Cross Creek, 177G, he " shot Captain Dent in cold blood." Taken prisoner, and confined in Halifax jail ; sent finally to Maryland.

Levett, Francis. Of Georgia. Rice planter. Banished, and estate confiscated. He went with his family and negroes to Florida, and thence to the Bahamas. His property in Georjfia was restored, and ho returned to that State. "Qne account is, that he " introduced " the cotton-plant into the United States ; but this is a mistake, beyond question, for that plant was known in Maryland and elsewhere nearly half a century before his earliest experiment. That he was the first to cultivate the iSea Island cotton is pi'obable ; for we have evidence that, in 1705, he was in Jamaica, in distress ; that he was advised to settle on some of the islands on the coast of Georgia ; that he acted upon the suggestion ; that Pernam- buco cotton-seed was sent to him ; and that, in 1789, he him- seli" announced success beyond his " most sanguine expecta- tions." He went to England subsequently, and died there in 1805, or the year following, leaving a wife and son who came to Savannah in 1807.




Lewis, Captain

Ho commanded a band of Loy-

alists. Towards the close of the war, ho and Colonel Peter Horry, of Marion's corps, mot in deadly conflict. Lewis was armed with a musket, while the Whig officer's <M,ly weapon was a small sword. When in the act of firing at Horry, Lewis was shot from the woods by a boy of the name of Gwin, and fell dead from his horse.

LiGHTFOOT, RonEKT. Of Rliodc Island. Judge of the Court of Vice- Admiralty for the Southern District of North America. He was born in London in 171G : belonscd to a family of